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Literature

Literature 

Trivia on books, novels, best-sellers, poetry, stage, magazines and newspapers, architecture, design, painting, and sculpture.

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Carlos Quirino – is best known for his early biography of Jose Rizal. He also wrote several works on Philippine history and biographies of President Manuel Quezon and the painter Damian Domingo. In 1997 he was recognised as a National Artist of the Philippines for Historical Literature.

Leonor Orosa Goquingco – was a Filipino national artist in creative dance. She could play the piano, draw, design scenery and costumes, sculpt, act, direct, dance and choreograph. Her pen name was Cristina Luna and she was known as Trailblazer, Mother of Philippine Theater Dance and Dean of Filipino Performing Arts Critics. She died on July 15 2005 of “cardiac arrest secondary to cerebro-vascular accident” at the age of 87.

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Dr. Rodolfo S. Cornejo was a distinguished Filipino composer-pianist-conductor and professional lecturer. He was a musician who became a church organist at the age of 8, a composer at the age of 10, whose composition was published when he was 13 (a military march entitled "Salute" dedicated to then Governor;General Leonard Wood of the Commonwealth Period), a holder of a Teaches Diploma from the University of the Philippines at 23, and a degree holder of Master in Music ( Mus. M.) in composition conferred by the Chicago Musical College at 24.

 

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Through the efforts of the National Commission for Culture & the Arts (NCCA), February is declared under Presidential Degree No. 683 as the National Arts Month. The NCCA provides support to various artistic activities in the country through its Grants Programs. It has also provided many talented individual and groups, especially in the performing arts, the opportunity to study in various institutions abroad and/or compete in international festivals or contest,and many of them have returned bringing honor to the country.

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Carlo J. Caparas, born Magno Jose J. Caparas, is a director, producer, writer and a comics strip creator. He is the person behind many Filipino superheroes and “komiks” characters such as Panday, Totoy Bato, Gagambino, Panday and many others. 

When the comics industry took a dive in the 1990s, Caparas turned as producer and director of several movies. In 2006, Caparas spearheaded the Komiks Congress, a massive effort to revive the komiks industry in the Philippines. To help spread awareness that komiks is still a popular reading material amongst Filipinos, he toured the country with his Komiks Caravan, an exhibit of original comics issued across the country.

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"Parisian Life", also known as "Interior d'un Cafe" was painted in c 1892 by Juan Luna. The oil on canvass painting, 22 inches long ~ and 31 inches in width, and now housed at the GSIS Museum of fA Art-Pasay City, features three Filipino patriots - Jose Rizal, Juan Luna, and Ariston Bautista Lin. It was given by Juan Luna to Ariston Bautista Lin who kept it in his Quiapo house, site of the Propaganda and Katipunan movements.

 

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Juan Luna paintings taken from the book of "Juan Luna, The Filipino Painter" by Santiago Albano Pilar and published by Eugenio Lopez Foundation, Inc., 1980.  The diskette with the paintings was provided by Carminda Arevalo of the National Historical Institute.

An internationally acclaimed Filipino painter who brought honor to the Philippines. Juan Luna was born in Badoc, Ilocos Norte on October 24, 1857. He obtained his Bachelor of Arts degree from the Ateneo de Manila. In 1877, he entered the Academy of Fine Arts in Madrid, Spain, where he won the high praises of his Spanish teachers.

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Lapu-lapu, by Francisco V. Coching. Coching was born on January 29, 1919. He left school at an early age to work for the magazine Liwayway, where his father was a novelist. He apprenticed with Tony Velasquez. In 1934, he created Bing Bigotilyo, and the year after, Marabini. After the war, he created Bulalakaw. However, it was Hagibis, his next work, that won him fame. Hagibis, which was inspired by Kulafu of Francisco Reyes and Tarzan of Edgar Rice Burroughs, ran for 15 years in Liwayway and was followed by sequels: Anak ni Hagibis and Si Gat Sibasib. Coching's creations were sought out by producers who made movies out of them. All but three of his dozens of komiks novels were made into movies. Coching both wrote and illustrated his stories. His works had strong narrative flow, brimming with drama, and punctuated by actions and surprise. His illustrative style belonged to the romantic tradition of komiks illustration, which he dominated from 1934 until 1973, the year he retired.

 

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Antonio Santos Velasquez (Tony Velasquez) was born in Paco, Manila on October 29, 1910. He is known as the "Father of Tagalog Komiks." In -1926, while a boy of 16 in high school, he worked as a photo-engraver at the Banaag Press in Santa Cruz, Manila, which was later bought by Ramon Roces of Liwayway. Velasquez took courses in Cartooning and Advertising at the Federal School of Arts of America. In 1935, he was promoted to chief artist for the six sister magazines: Liwayway, Graphic,Bannawag, Bisaya, Hiligaynon, and Bikolnon.

 

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GERARDO DE LEON (B. September 12, 1913, D. July 21, 1981), Master Filmmaker. Gerry's first job was as a piano player at Cine Moderno during the era of silent movies. After finishing high school, he decided to become a doctor and enrolled at the U.S.T. College of Medicine. For a few years he concentrated on his studies; but the spell of the movies lured him. He became a professional actor and scriptwriter. His first directorial job came in 1939 via the movie, Ama't Anak. His biggest pre-war hit was Ang Maestra, starring Rogelio de la Rosa and Rosa del Rosario. De Leon went on to make over eighty movies from the 30's to the 70's. His last unfinished film was Juan de la Cruz starring Fernando Poe, Jr. in 1976. He was named National Artist in Film in 1982.

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The range of subjects in Philippine contemporary painting can be as wide and varied as the artist's imagination. Even scenes that appear "typical" may be re-interpreted and given new treatment. How often have we encountered landscape paintings with churches, or images of jeepney's, women in groups. or sidewalk vendors? And yet.